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Pinpointing Health Problems in Cats and Dogs

At Penfield Veterinary Hospital, our in-house laboratory provides you with important test results quickly and efficiently. We may recommend any of the following to help us identify health conditions in your pet:

  • Blood chemistry panel

    This series of tests provides information about your pet’s internal organs and metabolic health. It’s useful in screening for liver or kidney disease and to assess current levels of sodium, potassium, and chloride.

  • Complete blood cell count (CBC)

    The CBC reveals the number and condition of your pet’s red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A CBC can be used to identify anemia, infection, or issues with blood clotting.

  • Stool analysis

    Examining your pet’s stool helps us identify parasites such as roundworms, hookworms, and tapeworms.

  • Urine analysis

    With only a small sample, we can learn much about your pet’s kidney function and look for evidence of urinary tract infections or diabetes. This test is often performed along with a CBC and blood chemistry panel to provide a complete picture of your pet’s overall health.

  • Cytology

    In certain cases, cell samples from blood, skin, organs, and other areas may be examined using a high-powered microscope. A close examination of cells by our veterinarians can provided crucial diagnoses for a wide range of pet health conditions.

Microscope

Veterinarian and Dog

We also recommend testing for the following conditions, which are common among cats and/or dogs:

  • Feline leukemia virus (FeLV)

    This disease can be diagnosed by conducting a simple blood test called an ELISA, which identifies FeLV proteins in the blood. This test is highly sensitive and can identify infections at a very early stage.

  • Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)

    An FIV infection is often diagnosed by a blood test which looks for the presence of antibodies. Your veterinarian will interpret the results and determine whether additional testing is required.

  • Heartworm/Lyme disease testing

    This important test requires only a small blood sample to screen for both conditions. Further tests may be ordered if a positive result is returned. Learn more about heartworms by visiting our Vaccinations & Parasite Prevention page.

When to Test

Your veterinarian may recommend tests in the following situations:

  • Preparing for surgery or a procedure involving anesthesia
  • Displaying symptoms of illness
  • Following a trauma
  • Dramatic changes in weight or behavior
  • Routine senior pet care

Blood Pressure

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a significant health concern for which there are many underlying causes. Through a fairly quick and easy process, we can check your pet’s blood pressure and alert you to any potential issues or concerns. We recommend routine blood pressure screening for acute and chronically ill pets, as well as pets entering their senior years.

On the Web

American Veterinary Medical Association:

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